Zachary Daniel Kaufman, J.D., Ph.D., is an academic specializing in political science, public policy, and law. He is a graduate of Yale University, the University of Oxford (where he was a Marshall Scholar), and Yale Law School.
Dr. Kaufman is currently a Fellow at Harvard University‘s John F. Kennedy School of Government‘s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. In addition, he continues to be a Visiting Fellow at both Yale Law School and Yale University‘s Genocide Studies Program as well as a Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Dr. Kaufman is currently on a book tour for his third book, United States Law and Policy on Transitional Justice: Principles, Politics, and Pragmatics (Oxford University Press 2016).
From 2013 to 2014, he was a Visiting Researcher at Harvard Law School‘s Institute for Global Law and Policy. During the Spring 2013 semester, Dr. Kaufman lectured as a periodic Visiting Faculty Member at New York University, where he focused on international law, transitional justice, and social entrepreneurship.
From 2011 to 2013, Dr. Kaufman practiced law as an Associate in the Washington, DC office of the international law firm of O’Melveny & Myers LLP and taught as an Adjunct Professor at George Washington University‘s Elliott School of International Affairs.
Dr. Kaufman’s research focuses on:
- international law (especially international humanitarian and criminal law);
- international relations history and theory;
- United States foreign policy;
- international and transitional justice (particularly the prevention and cessation of and recovery from genocide and other atrocities, and the history and operation of domestic, hybrid, and international war crimes tribunals);
- human rights;
- genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and other atrocities;
- the international relations of Africa;
- the history, politics, and culture of the Great Lakes region of sub-Saharan Africa (particularly Rwanda); and
- social entrepreneurship.
In addition to his other publications, Dr. Kaufman has written or edited three books:
- His third book (and first monograph) is United States Law and Policy on Transitional Justice: Principles, Politics, and Pragmatics (Oxford University Press 2016).
- His second book is Social Entrepreneurship in the Age of Atrocities: Changing Our World (Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc., 2012).
- He is the co-editor (with Dr. Phil Clark) and co-author of After Genocide: Transitional Justice, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, and Reconciliation in Rwanda and Beyond (originally co-published in 2009 by Columbia University Press and C. Hurst & Co. and re-published in 2013 by Oxford University Press).
Dr. Kaufman’s research and commentary have also appeared in other publications, including:
- journals such as the Yale Law & Policy Review, the Yale Journal of International Law, the Yale Human Rights & Development Law Journal, the Harvard International Law Journal, the Emory International Law Review, Bloomberg BNA Securities Regulation & Law Report, the Inter-American Law Review, the John Marshall Law Review, the St. Antony’s International Review (University of Oxford journal of international relations), Criminal Law Forum (official journal of the Society for the Reform of Criminal Law), Corporate Counsel, Diplomatic Courier, Society & Diplomatic Review, the Bulletin (publication of the Association of Commonwealth Universities), Pharma Pricing & Reimbursement (pharmaceutical trade journal in the United Kingdom), The Voice: A Forum on Race for the Yale and New Haven Communities, Kigali Public Library Newsletter, Marshall Update: News for Marshall Scholars, and the Humanity in Action Reports;
- newspapers and magazines such as the New York Times, the New York Times Magazine, the Washington Post, the Jerusalem Post (Israel newspaper), the Liberian Times (Liberia newspaper), the New Times (Rwanda newspaper), Central African Magazine, the Broward Times (South Florida newspaper), the Dominion Post (West Virginia newspaper), the Maccabean (Jewish newspaper of Western Australia), the Yale Daily News (daily student-run newspaper at Yale University), and the Yale Herald (weekly student-run newspaper at Yale University); and
- as chapters or other sections of books such as Cambridge University Press’s 3-volume Encyclopedia of Transitional Justice; Routledge’s annual Africa South of the Sahara series; Confronting Genocide in Rwanda: Dehumanization, Denial, and Strategies for Prevention; Roots in Jewish History: Suffering, Survival, Triumph; The Criminal Law of Genocide: International, Comparative and Contextual Aspects; and Rwanda and South Africa in Dialogue: Addressing the Legacies of Genocide and a Crime Against Humanity.
Dr. Kaufman is a frequent speaker on issues he researches and works on. He has served as a guest commentator on National Public Radio and Voice of America as well as a guest lecturer at universities in:
- the United States, including The College of William & Mary, the Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs, Dartmouth College (including its Tuck School of Business), the George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs, Georgetown University (including its Law Center and School of Foreign Service), Harvard University (including its Law School and John F. Kennedy School of Government), the Johns Hopkins University (including its School of Advanced International Studies and Carey Business School), New York University School of Law, Stanford University (including its Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law, and School of Medicine), Texas Christian University, Tufts University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, the United States Naval Academy, the University of Connecticut School of Law, the University of Southern California, and Yale University (including its Law School, School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Sterling Memorial Library, and Joseph Slifka Center for Jewish Life);
- Europe, including the London School of Economics and Political Science, Nottingham Law School, and the University of Oxford (including its Corpus Christi College, Magdalen College, St. Antony’s College, Rhodes House, and Manor Road Building);
- Africa, including the National University of Rwanda, the Kigali Institute of Education, the Kigali Institute of Science and Technology, and the Kigali Institute of Management;
- the Middle East, including the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Law School;
- Australia, including the University of Melbourne; and
- the Caribbean, including the University of Puerto Rico Law School.
Moreover, Dr. Kaufman has lectured to audiences from various components of the United States government, including from the U.S. military, the U.S. intelligence community, the U.S. judiciary, the U.S. Department of State, and the U.S. Department of Justice.
Dr. Kaufman has also spoken at popular forums such as the Council on Foreign Relations; the American Society of International Law; the International Studies Association; the Rayburn House Office Building and the Capitol Visitor Center of the United States Congress, the Embassy of the United Kingdom, the Embassy of the Republic of Rwanda, and the International Student House, all in Washington, DC; the Institute for International Mediation and Conflict Resolution in The Hague, The Netherlands; the International Youth Assembly of the YMCA-YWCA in Sweden; the Office of the Mayor of New York City, the New York City Bar Association, the 92nd Street Y, and Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) Towers, all in New York City; Rotary International (including its Clubs in Cambridge and Oxford, United Kingdom, and Kigali, Rwanda, and at its International Convention in Barcelona, Spain); the Kigali Public Library, the Hotel Novotel Kigali Umubano, the Residence of the United States Ambassador, and The Tuesday Forum Show on Rwandan television, all in Kigali, Rwanda; and the Yale Clubs of New York City, Washington, DC, and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Dr. Kaufman’s professional experience has focused on the investigation, apprehension, and prosecution of suspected perpetrators of atrocities, including genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and terrorism. He has served at the United States Supreme Court, the United States Department of State, the United States Department of Justice, the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, and the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Dr. Kaufman also was the first American to serve at the International Criminal Court, where he was policy clerk to the first Chief Prosecutor.
Dr. Kaufman has also worked in the private sector on legal and political issues. He has worked as an Associate in the Washington, DC office of the international law firm of O’Melveny & Myers LLP. He has also worked on Google‘s Global Public Policy and Government Affairs team at Google‘s global headquarters in Mountain View, California.
From 2008 until their successful election as the president and vice president of the United States, Dr. Kaufman was a member of the Obama-Biden Campaign’s Africa Policy Team.
Dr. Kaufman spends much of his time on non-profit, public service, and community service activities, most of which relate to law and human rights as well as social entrepreneurship. A significant portion of these activities focus on Africa and/or genocide and other atrocities.
Law and Human Rights
Dr. Kaufman serves on both the Lawyers Committee and the Next Generation Board of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. He is also a Board Member and Senior Fellow of Humanity in Action. In addition, Dr. Kaufman serves on the Board of Advisors of both Genocide Watch and the Yale Law & Policy Review. In 2013, Dr. Kaufman served as the co-chair of the Human Rights Committee of the United Nations Association of the National Capital Area.
Dr. Kaufman’s most significant social entrepreneurship activities to date concern the Kigali Public Library, Rwanda’s first-ever public library. From 2001 to 2015, Dr. Kaufman was the founder, president, and chairman of the Board of Directors of the American Friends of the Kigali Public Library and an Honorary Member of the Rotary Club of Kigali-Virunga, Rwanda. Together, these non-profit organizations fundraised and collected books for, raised public awareness about, and built the Kigali Public Library.
In addition, Dr. Kaufman is the chair of the Board of Advisers and a member of the Board of Directors of Indego Africa, an innovative social enterprise that partners with women artisans in Rwanda on a fair trade basis to drive forward a sustainable, long-term solution to systemic poverty in Africa.
Dr. Kaufman is also a Practitioner Affiliate of the Social Enterprise Program at American University’s School of International Service as well as a member of the Advisory Boards of both Yale Law Social Entrepreneurs and Harvard Law School’s Social Enterprise Law Association.
EDUCATION, CLERKSHIP, AND FELLOWSHIPS
From 2013 to 2014, Dr. Kaufman was a Visiting Fellow at Yale Law School, a Social Enterprise Fellow at Yale School of Management’s Program on Social Enterprise, and a Visiting Fellow at Yale University’s Genocide Studies Program.
From 2009 to 2010, Dr. Kaufman served as Law Clerk to The Honorable Juan R. Torruella on the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. While based in San Juan, Puerto Rico, for his clerkship, Dr. Kaufman taught as an Adjunct Professor of Law at the University of Puerto Rico Law School.
In 2009, Dr. Kaufman received his Juris Doctor (JD) degree from Yale Law School, where he was named an Olin Fellow of the Yale Law School John M. Olin Center for Law, Economics, and Public Policy. At Yale Law School, Dr. Kaufman served as Editor-in-Chief and, previously, Policy Editor of the Yale Law & Policy Review; Managing Editor of the Yale Human Rights & Development Law Journal; Articles Editor of the Yale Journal of International Law; co-founder and co-president of Yale Law Social Entrepreneurs; member of the Non-Profit Organizations Clinic; and Graduate Affiliate and Graduate Fellowship Affiliate of Saybrook College, Yale University.
During the 2005 to 2006 academic year, Dr. Kaufman was a Fellow at Stanford University, in the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI) Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law (CDDRL).
In 2004, Dr. Kaufman received his M.Phil (Master’s) degree in International Relations from the University of Oxford, where he served on the Executive Committee of the Magdalen College Trust, his residential college’s grant-making charity.
In 2000, Dr. Kaufman received his B.A. (Bachelor’s) degree in Political Science from Yale University, where he was the student body president, a freshman residential counselor, co-captain of the Yale wrestling team, and an All-American and Runner-up National Champion in the National Collegiate Wrestling Association.